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Kreshatik



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Nearest tour dates:
каждый день

Booking:
+38 044 451 61 71
+38 067 463 46 03




Directions:

  • Art. M Kreschatik "access to the main street and TsUMu.
  • Art. M " Independence Square " exit on either side.

Khreshchatyk is open only to pedestrians in coll. and Sun - 10.00-22.00.

At first glance, the central street of Kiev is not fraught with any secrets, and a common central street of the city. But it is only at first glance. The history of the restoration of the street is a landmark in town planning in Kiev .

The main objective was to restore the Kyiv architects Kreshchatik - the main thoroughfare of the city, its commercial and administrative center, place of demonstrations and festivals. The width of the street before the war was 34 meters between the red lines that did not meet the traffic conditions. Khreshchatyk connects the city with the lower part - Podolia and is the center of the intersection of most highways crossing the city. By the war Khreshchatyk was built unbroken front of houses; storey houses were 3-4 floors, new houses were built in the 6-7 floors tall. One of the architectural form Khreshchatyk had. Building density districts exceeded 40%, reaching in some quarters of 70 and 80%, the population density was 1500 or more persons per hectare, in connection with which deteriorated sanitary - hygienic living conditions.

Expansion Kreshchatik prevented existing homes suitable for rehabilitation, relief and increased the left side of the street. This, as well as the contiguity of streets and preserved buildings, located at an angle to the axis of Khreshchatyk, required the development of individual elements.

Junction mall buildings to the first apartment house, built on the Kreshchatik decided arch and addition of two asymmetrical galleries - cafe, which connected the ends of the house passage. Many complications are caused by contiguity Engeks to Kreshchatik. This street was transformed into vnutrikvartalny travel. Significant changes have been made in many quarters, adjacent to the Kreshchatik. Some buildings have been replicated, others demolished and thus were eliminated unventilated yards - wells. Most of the blocks acquired landscaping, free from building courtyards. Width Kreshchatik between the lines of building - 75 meters . Profile of the street was designed and implemented asymmetrically - the roadway 24 meters , two sidewalks of 14 feet each, separated from the roadway near the trees and parkway on the right side, which separates the residential development from the roadway. On it, in green pockets are benches for rest. In summer the trees form a dense shadow. The left side of the street at a considerable interval is solved in two levels.

Arranging the foundation for the buildings, were overcome difficulties caused by geological conditions. Poltava Sands, which provided a solid basis for multi-storey buildings, are at different depths, in connection with which multi-storey building on the axis of the street. B. Khmelnitsky type bases divided into three parts. The left side - on stilts depth of 22 meters , the middle - on stilts depth of 4 meters and the right side - on the strip foundation. Two multi-storey building standing symmetrically on the lower terrace and set: left on piles 22 meters deep and the right - on the strip foundation.

The challenge of building Kreschatik was to create a unified architectural ensemble, consisting of residential, public buildings and old houses that survived. Buildings Kreshchatik separately standing buildings, which are surrounded by free space, to provide him originality. Reproduction of old houses Kreshchatik affect the scope of the new building. Increasing the width of the Kreshchatik and increase of surface required an increase in some parts of the building by creating a larger rhythm of arches, loggias, bay windows.

Construction began with a group of Khreshchatyk houses, located on the left, the odd side of the street from the street. Karl Marx to Bessarabka.

Since 1951 the chief architect of the city becomes AV Dobrovolsky, AV Vlasov, instead, appointed chief architect of Moscow .

The first house on Kreschatike consists of two buildings, which are separated by c kurdonerom the entrance passage. In terms of the house creates a part of the many angles, straight lines and adjacent to the passageway open galleries summer cafe. The angular part of the house at 9 floors with a small tower constitutes the beginning of construction Kreshchatik. The main building - Eight. There are 2 -, 3 -, 4 - room space. Shops on the ground floor stand to 4 meters . This increases their market place and forms a terrace in front of rooms on the second floor. The height of shops on 1,5 and 2 floors. A projection of the store has large windows.

To increase the scale of residential development was adopted segmentation volumes of homes on the ground floor and the horizontal division on the level of the sixth floor. These funds combined with increased architectural details provide scale building of a large metropolitan highway. Thus, there was union scale houses the administrative and public buildings of the second side of the street.

For most residential buildings have been taken Tape monolithic, reinforced concrete foundations. The basis for the foundations were different soils: loam, sand, and sandy, muddy, wet, typical for the bottom of the former Hreschatinskogo ravine. Rubble concrete basement walls. Wall to 7 - first floor - stone covered with ceramic tiles of thickness 7 cm outer walls of the upper two floors were made of hollow ceramic thickness of 38 cm and covered with ceramic plates ..

House Plan represents a double-span constructive scheme with three supporting walls. Average bearing walls are made of solid brick-thick 64 cm on the ground floor - 51 cm and 38 cm in the upper. The overlap of 1,5,7 floors - precast concrete, over 2,3,4 and 6 floors - 6 - meter ceramic beams. To build a second building for the first time the use of ceramic floor panels of 6 m length and ribbed concrete panels edges upward, with an edge thickness of 22 cm , with a width of 10 cm and a length of 6 m .

For residential buildings were developed sections of two types: three-room space and two apartments - one on the ladder.

The main types were 2 and 3 bedroom, 4 - room facilities were 10-12% at the house. One-room facilities were assumed to be in particular cases.

Khreshchatyk has a direction from north to south - rooms have a good attitude.

Multi-storey house, located on the terrain (the axis B. Khmelnitsky Str.) Resolved on the basis of frame design concept, but the average load bearing wall - no. Option, which was carried out, there is spatial composition of the three buildings: two eleven storey, located at Kreschatik and chetyrnadtsatietazhnogo, located in the depths of a relief.

The composition of this ensemble is also composed of a retaining wall located in her cafe and stairs that connect the upper platform Khreshchatyk building.

A peculiar kind of has a house tube station "Khreschatik". In the center of the building - entrances to the building of underground stations. The building consists of the upper lobby with ticket, round the lobby escalator hall escalator oblique entrance hall and Perón. Above the interior design work station: Dobrovolsky AV, Kolomiets, NS, Elizarov VD, lubricators G., Kislichenko Yu, Granatkin G.

Lower hall resolved pylons, light marble-tiled; niche in pylons filled with carpets of majolica, drawing and color based on the Ukrainian motifs. The light source is hidden behind the cornice. Floor - polished black and gray granite.

Round escalator hall is blocked by a dome. In one room to the lobby station was a restaurant (now converted into McDonald's). Simple, rectangular in shape restaurant, located between the first and second houses on Kreshchatik. Facade resolved in a solid glass. Symmetrically to the entrance of the subway entrances are solved from the glass. In terms of the house is a rectangle with an inner courtyard. The restaurant had been provided three small banquet rooms. The lower floors were located: a large banquet hall, dietary hall and cafe, turned to the Kreshchatik glass wall. Structures of the restaurant designed by Ing. Rabinovich, DI, and a shell of double curvature of the central hall of restaurant expected Ing. Dmitriev, LG, Gilman GB and Gorodetsky , AS

New techniques in town planning was to create a boulevard along the left side of the street, connecting the area and spatial discontinuities in a single unit.



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